Manchester Veterinary Clinic

156 Spencer Street
Manchester, CT 06040

(860)646-5170

manchestervetclinic.com

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Preventive Medicine

 

Vaccinations

Overview

  • We give a series of vaccines to prime your dog's immune system into providing year-long protection against multiple infectious diseasesFizzgig
  • Avoid exposing your pup to places where potentially sick or contagious dogs may have been such as city parks, dog shows, dog parks or daycares until your pup's vaccination series is complete

Recommended Vaccines

  • DA2PP (acronym for the vaccine that protects against Distemper, Adenovirus 2, Parainfluenza, and Parvovirus) is administered  every 3-4 weeks starting at 8 weeks of age until your pup is at least 15 weeks old, then boostered a year later and then no more frequently then every 4 years after that
  • Rabies is administered between 3 and 6 months of age, repeated one year later, and then given every 3 years after that

Optional Vaccines

  • Lyme, a bacteria spread by deer tick bite with the potential to cause joint, nerve and organ injury; two doses given 2-4 weeks apart are followed by annual re-vaccination
  • Leptospirosis, a spiral bacteria transmitted from wildlife causing kidney and/or liver injury or failure; this bacteria can infect people and dog infections can lead to owner infection; two vaccine injections given 2-4 weeks apart are followed by annual re-vaccination
  • Bordetella, the major bacterial component involved in causing infectious canine cough (Kennel Cough) is typically required for kennels and some daycare and grooming establishments; can be administered into the nose (typically used for initial immunization or when quicker immunity is needed) or as an injection (usually used for the annual booster)
  • Influenza, a true flu virus, has become a threat primarily for dogs in the same situations that warrant Kennel Cough vaccination, namely kennels and day care facilities and is being required more frequently by them; typically causes mild to no signs but a small percentage of infected dogs can get flu-like symptoms and even significant pneumonia; the vaccine significantly reduces the severity and duration of symptoms and viral shedding; two doses given 2-4 weeks apart are followed by annual revaccination

Intestinal Parasites

These are extremely common in puppies and can sometimes infect people.  Testing and de-worming treatments are therefore routine.

  • Have a stool sample analyzed for microscopic evidence of parasites like Roundworms, Hookworms, Giardia and Coccidia
  • Pick up after your dog as promptly as possible to prevent any worm egg contamination of the soil (eggs can remain infectious for years)
  • Keep your pup's rear end clean, especially if there is any diarrhea, since unclean rear ends can harbor parasite eggs and be sources for infection for dogs and people alike
  • Repeat stool exams at least every 2 years, more frequently if tests were previously positive or if required by your boarding kennel or day care facility

Heartworm Disease and Prevention

This disease has always been easier and safer to prevent than it is to treat.

  • See the brochure detailing the life cycle of this mosquito-transmitted blood vessel parasite
  • Prevent the disease by giving a once a month dose of medicine like chewable  Heartgard Plus, which also protects against Roundworms and Hookworms; this is our most commonly recommended heartworm prevention medication
  • Protect your dog year-round since mosquito and parasite exposures can be unpredictable and continual administration allows Heartgard to work better
  • Perform a blood test for heartworms (and 3 tick-transmitted diseases) every two years, starting at 1 to 2 years of age

Fleas and Ticks

Control measures are an important way to prevent infestations and to reduce exposure to the diseases these blood suckers can transmit.

  • Expect your dog to have contact with a flea or tick at some point; few dogs are lucky enough to never come across either
  • Limit your dog's risk of exposure by using some kind of control measure such as a spot-on product like Frontline Plus that is applied monthly
  • Use control measures at least between late March and the end of November though year round use may be appropriate depending on weather

Spaying & Neutering

The benefits of this surgery outweigh any conceivable down side.

  • Performed, typically, at 6 months of age
  • Maximize health benefits for female pups, including avoiding potentially fatal mammary cancer and uterine infections, if done before their first heat; there are health benefits for males neutered at any age though young dogs heal faster
  • Consider breeding only if you are a dedicated breeder due to all the time, effort and expense that goes with that commitment
  • Click to view our handouts on Neutering Your Dog and Spaying Your Dog.

Oral Care

Now is the time to teach your puppy to accept brushing as well as to accustom you to paying attention to your dog's teeth.

  • Familiarize your dog with a tooth brush and handling of its mouth at an early age; for small dogs this is extremely important since dental disease (including periodontitis, tooth loss and systemic infection from oral bacteria) often takes a huge toll on their health in their later years
  • Encourage your dog, regardless of size, to chew on things that may help clean the teeth; this includes rawhide, bully sticks, dental treats like Greenies, Nylabone products, etc. (note that dry dog food or "Milk Bones" don't clean very much; do your teeth feel cleaner after eating a pretzel?)
  • View oral health as a life long maintenance process and do not expect a few dental cleanings under anesthesia to control oral problems for a life time

Handling and Examining Your Pup

Practice techniques now that make it easier to work with your dog in the future.

  • Handle your pup's mouth, ears, eyelids, legs, paws, nails, belly and under the tail as much as possible and reward your pup for allowing you to do so
  • Train your pup to accept these manipulations to make future handling easier

Microchipping

Consider this to be a 21st century electronic tattoo.

  • Implanted by injecting a grain-of-rice-sized chip between the shoulders
  • Sends out a numeric signal when energized by a chip scanner
  • Register your dog's chip through a microchip registry so that if your dog is lost, its chip number can be traced back to you
  • We use the AVID Microchip

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